Bergamot is a citrus fruit classified as Citrus Bergamia Risso, belongs to the Rutaceae family, genus Citrus.
The fruit, similar to a small orange, is spherical in shape with an average weight of about 200 g; the color changes from green in unripe fruit to yellow when fully ripe.
Harvest is usually from mid-November to early March.
Its most suitable and exclusive habitat is a strip of land, about a hundred kilometers long, between the extreme edges of Aspromonte and the Ionian and Tyrrhenian seas, in the province of Reggio Calabria.
Nowhere else on the planet, in fact, is there such a place where this citrus fruit can grow with the same yield and quality. This is due to a combination of several factors, among which are the slight temperature range between night and day and the geomorphology of the mineral-rich, south-facing cultivated area, which is periodically lashed by sirocco winds, thanks to which rainfall in winter and humidity during the summer period are guaranteed.